2. Battery Management
The Battery Managements Systems (BMS) is used for controlling battery charge and discharge cycles. New intelligent battery management system is necessary to lengthen battery life, which reduces the vehicle cost over its entire lifetime. The BMS system constantly monitors and controls the functionality and charge of the battery cells. Usually, the storage capacity of the individual battery cells may decrease within aging process. The main challenge is to optimize cell utilization using advanced circuits to test the cells and to provide active balancing of the cells during the charging and discharging process. Thus enable the battery life and range to be effectively lengthened.